The presence of extra genetic characters hindering the process of growth in an infant leads to certain abnormality known as Down syndrome. Normally, a
The presence of extra genetic characters hindering the process of growth in an infant leads to certain abnormality known as Down syndrome. Normally, a child with this kind of disability requires a lot of medical attention. Yet, in some cases, such children may lead a normal life. Down syndrome reflects the following features in the body of the sufferer.
Children with Down syndrome are characterized by physical abnormalities. For example, they possess a single crease instead of double on the palms. They suffer from shorter limbs lack muscle tone, the gap between the toes and hypotonia. These children have almond-shaped eyes, protruding tongue, and flat nose.
Leads to heart diseases
Kids suffering from Down Syndrome are at a greater risk of heart diseases. In addition to this, with a poor immune system, these children are more prone to leukemia, thyroid imbalances, and epilepsy. Hearing and sleeping disorders are some of the intervening factors affecting the immune system.
Affects the mental health
Children with Down syndrome are found to be mentally abnormal. Unlike others, their cognitive functions vary. They suffer from a delayed natural ability to acquire the motors functions in the body. Their mode of communication varies as compared to a child sans Down syndrome. They are seen struggling with a slow rate of emotional and mental growth. Children with Down syndrome usually lack the ability to adapt themselves to the environment of learning and studies.
Affects fertility in both male and female
These people suffer from low fertility rate and face problems in reproduction. However, people with this kind of disability are at a lower risk of getting diseases like cancer etc. Research has found that the chromosome 21gene present in Down syndrome patients help suppress the deadly tumors. In addition to this, another fact is that they are not much exposed to the detrimental factors of the environment. Hence, they are less prone to diabetes and other dysfunctions in arteries.
Parents must understand this health issue of the child and it is very essential to support them day in and day out. This form of disability can easily be detected during the time of birth. The child must be diagnosed and proper medication must be given to make their lives easier. The family must take intensive care and support them all the time. Modern technologies and scientific inventions today have come with different aids to help patients cope up with the environment.